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마모 시험기;    Pin on  Disc Test Machine

 

 

                         

 1.점접촉-왕복동식   2.  면접촉-왕복동          3.디스크-왕복동        4. 회전식-핀온디스크         5. 블록 온 링 시험

모델 :TE88 다목적식 Pin on Disc Test Machine

1. 형태의 모든 시험 가능

2.속도: 1,000rpm, 고속가능

3.왕복도식속도 : Up to 2Hz

4.금속,세라믹 기초소재의 마찰력,마찰계수, 마모도, 윤활성등의 다양한 Tribology측정요소를

  평가함, Piston ring liner Blok on Ring등의 특수 시험 가능.

           상세사양은 아래 블록을 참고 하시고 문의 사항은 전화주세요!

                                         연구용 품질관리의 다양한 TRIBOLOGY장비 보시고 싶으시면

Keywords:     

  • abrasive wear    (연삭 마모, 연마 마모)  
  • abrasion resistance (연마 저항 특성)
  • adhesive wear  (접착 마모, 융착 마모, 용접 마모)
  • artificial joints (인공 관절 마모 시험)
  • automotive materials (자동차 소재 마찰마모윤활시험)
  • ball on cylinder (볼 온 실린더)
  • ball on disc (볼 온 디스크 타입 마찰마모윤활시험)
  • bearing materials  (베어링 소재 마찰마모윤활 시험)
  • bioengineering materials (바이오 엔지니어링 소재)
  • block on ring (블록 온 링 타입 마찰마모윤활 시험)
  • coatings (코팅 소재마찰마모유활 시험 )
  • composite materials (복합 소재 마찰마모유활 시험 )
  • delamination wear (박리 마모)
  • dry contact conditions (건식 접촉 마찰마모윤활 시험)
  • dynamic friction (동적 마찰력 측정)
  • ferrous materials (철 재료 마찰마모유활 시험)
  • friction coefficient (마찰계수 측정)
  • hard surfacing (딱딱한 재질 마찰마모 시험)
  • hip prostheses (힙 보철 재료 마찰마모윤활 시험)
  • knee prostheses (무릎 보철 재료 마찰마모윤활 시험)
  • LPV testing
  • metal matrix composites (섬유강화 금속 복합재료의 총칭 ;일반적으로는 탄소계 섬유, 실리콘 카바이드계 섬유, 알루미나계 섬유, 보론계 섬유, 그리고 각종 위스카에 의해 강화된 금속기(金屬基) 복합재료를 총칭하고 있다. 섬유강화 금속 복합재료는 1959년에 NASA에서 시작된 W-Cn 복합재료의 연구가 현재까지 계속되고 있다.
  • 폴리매트릭스계 복합재료는 실내 온도에서부터 150℃ 혹은 200℃까지 그 성능을 살릴 수 있지만, 그 이상의 고온에서 폴리매트릭스와 마찬가지로 가볍고 강도도 저하하지 않는 재료가 요청되어 개발을 시작한 것이 FRM이다. 1980년경부터 미국에서는 군사물질(軍事物質)로 지정되어 중요 부분은 공표되지 않고 있다. 현재 일본에서도 국가적 프로젝트로 다루고 그 개발 연구가 진행되어 성과를 거두고 있다.)
  • mild wear (부드러운 마모현상)
  • mining applications (굴착, 광산 기계 부품 마찰마모윤활 시험)
  • non-ferrous materials (비철 금속 마찰마모유활 시험)
  • oscillating contact (왕복형 진동 접촉 마찰마모유활 시험)
  • oxidative wear (산화 마모)
  • pin on disc (핀온디스크 타입 마찰마모유활 시험)
  • pin on plate (핀온플레이트 타입 마찰마모유활 시험)
  • plain bearings (플레인 베어링 마찰마모유활 시험)
  • plastics (플라스틱 마찰마모유활 시험)
  • powder metallurgy (분말야금 마찰마모유활 시험)
  • PV diagrams (마모 압력속도 한계 PV치 : P(압력),V(속도) 그래프의 한계 곡선의 값을 곱한 수치를 뜻합니다. 마모성으로 말하자면 일정 압력과 속도 그 이상을 진행한다면 그 소재는 마모된다는 뜻이죠.  마모가 된다는 건 그 마찰면이 유리전이 온도(Tg)에 도달하는 온도이고 그 온도까지 도달하였을때 압력과 속도의 곱을 나타낸 값입니다. 유리전이 온도에 도달하면 재료에 변성이 왔다는 뜻이겠죠.  마찰실험에서 마찰면의 온도상승은 압력과 속도의 곱에 비례합니다. 한계 PV 곡선 그래프는 반비례 곡선을 그리고 있기 때문에 일정한 값이 나오게 되고 그 수치가  한계 PV치가 됩니다. 소재 과학내에선 한계 PV치를 제품의 물성으로 나타내고 있지만  마찰력에 관한 시험 조건으로 더 자주 쓰이는 값입니다)
  • surface engineering (표면연구 공학)
  • surface finish (표면 마감 마찰마모유활 시험)
  • surface treatments (표면 처리 마찰마모유활 시험)
  • technical ceramics (세라믹 소재 마찰마모유활 시험)
  • wear coefficient (마모 계수)
  • wear mapping (마모 매핑)
  • wear resistant materials (마모 저항 소재)

Background:

The TE 88ONE is a single test station version of the TE 88 Multi-Station Friction and Wear Test Machine. It includes three test assemblies for performing tests in pin on disc, reciprocating pin on plate and block on ring test configurations. It is suited to the wear testing of materials under high contact pressures. In reciprocating mode the machine can perform tests in the ASTM F 732 geometry, in Pin on Disc mode according to ASTM G 99, DIN 50 324 and ISO/DIS 7148-2 and in Block on Ring Mode according to ASTM G 77 and ISO/DIS 7148-2.

The machine incorporates an integrated SLIM 2000 Serial Link Interface Module and COMPEND 2000 software running on a host PC.

Reciprocating Test Assembly:

The flat plate specimen is mounted in a reservoir to retain lubricating fluid with a lid to avoid spillage and reduce evaporation during long term tests. It is fitted with electrical heating (for temperatures up to 400°C) and a thermocouple that is pushed into contact with the plate.

The reservoir is mounted on a plate, which is located by ball bushings on a linear bearing assembly. The plate is reciprocated by the variable throw crank, driven by the variable speed gear motor.

Pin on Disc Test Assembly:

The disc specimen is mounted on a holder on the vertical output shaft of a spiral bevel gearbox. The input shaft is driven by the variable speed geared motor.

A heated non-rotating fluid enclosure is provided, which permits tests to be performed in fluid environments with a temperature limit of 200°C. The enclosure is a simple push-fit (sealed with an O ring) over the bearing support block. A lid is provided to minimise fluid splashing. A thermocouple is fitted to the lower part of the enclosure to monitor and control the temperature.

The optional TE 88ONE/TW Thrust Washer Test Adapters may also be fitted interchangeably in place of the pin/disc specimens.

Block on Ring Test Assembly:

The ring specimen is mounted on the horizontal output shaft of a spiral bevel gearbox. The input shafts is driven by the base unit variable speed motor for continuous sliding tests and to the variable throw crank for oscillating tests.

Load Station and Friction Measurement:

The test pin or block is fixed in a retainer attached to the loading beam. Pins may have spherical tips, balls or be flat-ended and the beam MUST be levelled to ensure a flat contact is produced at the start of the test. The block may be conforming or non-conforming to the ring diameter.

The loading beam is pivoted at one end and a spring balance is used to apply a load at the other end. There is a four to one ratio between balance load and the load seen by the specimen. In traditional dead-weight loaded beam systems there can be considerable inertial loading caused by weight bounce and this has profound effects on friction levels and wear rates in the contact. The spring balance system presents a constant inertial stiffness over the whole load range and thereby reduces the inertia effects on test data.

The load beam pivot is also trunnion mounted and restrained from movement, when in the horizontal position, by pads mounted on the load application bracket. A strain gauge force transducer mounts on the load beam and fits snugly between these pads when the arm is horizontal. The transducer therefore will sense the friction forces in the contact in both directions.

The transducer output connects to a strain gauge amplifier module and the output from this may be connected direct to the interface for uni-directional friction measurements (pin on disc and block on ring tests). The output signal from the strain gauge amplifier module may also be passed through a true rms/dc converter and then connected to the interface to give averaged friction readings in reciprocating pin on plate and oscillating block on ring modes.

TE 88ONE/PHOT Heating and Temperature Sensing Package:

An optional higher temperature air heating system TE 88/PHOT is available for use with the pin on disc test assembly only. The heated fluid enclosure is replaced by a simple stainless steel enclosure with an inlet and outlet "port". Hot air from a electrically heated blower unit is then directed into the inlet port and a chimney directs the "exhaust" upwards from the outlet port.

The temperature of the disc specimen is measured using an optical pyrometer. The pyrometer is a non-contacting device with a focal distance of 76 mm (distance between the lens and the disc edge) with a k-type thermocouple output. The pyrometer is used to monitor and control the temperature in the enclosure. A lid is provided to minimise heat. The pyrometer is powered by 12 V a.c. and the thermocouple output plugs in to the thermocouple signal conditioning module.

TE 88ONE/WEAR:

An optional wear transducer can be fitted. This consists of a LVDT mounted in an adapter so that it contacts the underside of the load beam. As the pin or block wears, the load beam gradually pivots downwards about a horizontal axis, and the vertical movement is detected by the transducer. Wear of up to 1.5 mm at the contact can be measured.

The LVDT is self-powered and plugs directly into the interface. Up to two transducers can be accommodated.

Control and Data Acquisition:

The TE 88ONE has PC based sequence control and data acquisition features. This is provided by an integrated SLIM 2000 Serial Link Interface Module and COMPEND 2000 software running on a host PC.

The COMPEND 2000 software is Windows based and Windows 95, 98, NT and Y2K compatible. The software employs Windows "look and feel" features for easy user access to all machine and test set-up parameters. On-screen tool tips are provided.

Data may be stored to hard disc and the software includes an auto-scaling trend display for monitoring test progress. At the end of a test this graph may be dumped to a Windows printer and the stored data may be manipulated for calculation or graphical presentation in standard spreadsheet software programs.

Tests are defined by a sequence of steps, each step containing set-point, data recording rates and alarm level information. Set-points may be adjusted by step change or ramp. The test sequence is followed unless interrupted by the operator or an alarm. Set points may also be adjusted manually during the operation of the test sequence.

Controlled Parameters

Rotational Speed

Test Duration

Measured Parameters

Friction

Temperature

Wear (with TE 88ONE/WEAR option)

Rotational Speed

Number of Revolutions

Test Duration

Sliding Speed

Oscillating Frequency

Friction Coefficient

Sliding Distance

Technical Specifications:

Motor:

2.2 kW ac

Normal Load:

44 to 1,000N

Friction Force Range:

1,000 N

Specimen Holder:

8 mm and 5.5 mm diameter pins

Optional Holders:

10 mm and 6 mm diameter balls

Pin on Disc Mode:

Contact Configurations:

Pin on Disc

 

Ball on Disc

Disc Diameter:

75 mm

Track Radius:

0 to 35 mm

Fluid Temperature:

Ambient to 200°C

Heating Power:

800 W

Temperature sensor:

k-type thermocouple

Rotation Speed:

30 to 1,000 rpm

Sliding Velocity:

0.12 to 4 m/s

Block on Ring Mode:

Contact Configurations:

Block on Ring

 

Ball on Ring

Ring Diameter:

80 mm

Rotation Speed:

30 to 1,000 rpm

Oscillating Block on Ring Mode:

Contact Configurations:

Block on Ring

 

Ball on Ring

Ring Diameter:

80 mm

Oscillation Speed:

5 Hz maximum

Stroke:

up to +/- 45°

Reciprocating Pin on Plate Mode:

Contact Configurations:

Pin on Plate

 

Ball on Plate

Temperature Range:

Ambient to 400°C

Heating Power:

800 W

Temperature sensor:

k-type thermocouple

Stroke/Frequency:

Up to 25 mm at 2 Hz

 

Up to 50 mm at 1 Hz

TE 88ONE/PHOT Heating and Temperature Sensing Package:

Temperature Range:

up to 400°C

Air Heating Power:

2.8 kW

Temperature sensing:

Optical Pyrometer

TE 88ONE/WEAR Wear Transducer:

Type:

LVDT

Range:

1.5 mm

Resolution:

1 µm

Services:

Electricity:

220/240V, single phase, 50 Hz, 3 kW

 

110/120 V, single phase, 60 Hz, 3 kW

PC

Minimum Pentium P2

 

Windows 95, 98, 2000, NT or XP (English Version)

Order As:

o           TE 88ONE

Single Station Pin on Disc/Pin on Plate/Block on Ring Machine

o            TE 88ONE/WEAR

LVDT Wear Transducer Assembly

o            TE 88ONE/PHOT

Heating and Temperature Sensing Package

o            TE 88ONE/TW

Thrust Washer Test Adapte

 한미산업 

전화 :  02 - 3411- 0173    팩스 :  02 - 3411 - 0178 

sales@gohanmi.com

2001-2005 Hanmi Industries Ltd. All rights reserved
sales@gohanmi.com